Honolulu is the state capital and the most populated city in the state. The city is a major hub for tourism, international business, military defense, as well as famously being host to a diverse variety of east-west and Pacific culture, cuisine, and traditions.
Honolulu is both the westernmost and the southernmost major American city. For statistical purposes, the U.S. Census Bureau recognizes the approximate area commonly referred to as "City of Honolulu" (not to be confused with the "City and County") as a census division. Honolulu is the major financial center of the islands. The population of Honolulu was 390,738 in the 2010 census, while the population of the entire city and county was 953,207 (that's the entire island of Oahu).
In Hawaiian, Honolulu means "sheltered bay" or "place of shelter" alternatively, it means "calm port". The old name is said to be Kou, a district roughly encompassing the area from Nuuanu Avenue to Alakea Street and from Hotel Street to Queen Street which is the heart of the present downtown district. The city has been the capital of the Hawaiian islands since 1845 and gained historical recognition following the attack on Pearl Harbor by Japan near the city on December 7, 1941.
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